Remington Arms Company Inc. was founded in 1816 by a man who believed that he could build a better gun that his money could buy. In Illion Gulch, New York the farming communities were well known for their deserve skills and self-sufficiency, Eliphalet II Remington believed a small place in the country would be the perfect location to build a major business. Remington's father was a well known blacksmith who wanted to expanded his business into rifle barrel production. Local residents tend to build their own rifles in order to save the cost but still purchased the barrel. Wanting to know more about the industry itself, he sent his son to a barrel maker . He wanted him to purchase a barrel to bring back at home so they could observe the maker's techniques. After returning home, his family added barrel making to the business's product list.
Remington started designing and building right away. In the fall of 1816 he entered a shooting match with his hand-built Flintlock rifle and won second place. People were so impressed, the young man returned home with orders from other competitors, placing Remington Arms Company Inc. on the map. By 1860 the successful business was sold to Marcus Hartley and Partners (MHP), a major sporting goods chain in Bridgeport, Connecticut becoming the home of Remington's ammunition plant. Renamed Remington UMC, after combining with MHP's other company Union Metallic Cartridge Company in 1912, the company was expanded to the plant that's seen today.
During World War I, Remington produced arms under the contract for several allies. They produced M1907-15 Berthier rifles for France, Pattern 1914 Enfield rifles for Britain, and the Model 1891 Mosin-Nagant rifles for Russia. By the time the United States became involved in the war, Remington got even more involved by developing and producing the U.S. M1917 Enfield rifle. Even when times got tough and Russia backed out after from their payment, the United States government purchased all the left over firearms to keep Remington from absolute loss. After the war died down, the company made a decision to emphasize sporting products. This move allowed the company to be more stable helping them survive the unpredictable future and brought them to the company they are today.